The burqa is an important substance which is a highly controversial subject also. Today, the burqa is most commonly worn by those practicing more traditional interpretations of Islam. This story contained the History of Burqa Hijab Niqab Movement.
The earliest record of women veiling their faces dates from the Assyrian Empire. It developed as a very denoting social status in 5000 BCE. The Afghan chadareestyle burqa has been worn by Pashtun women since pre-Islamic times and was historically seen as a mark of respectability. In the 900s veil became common. In Qasim Amin’s book, ‘The Emancipation of Women’, he claimed, veiling were social customs and not only part of Islam.
Burka is a garment that covers the whole body, which has a net screen covering the eyes cannot be seen. It as also a dress made from felt or Karakul, traditionally worn by men of the Caucasus region. It is also known as chadree in Afghanistan or a parent in Central Asia. The Arab version of the burqa is called the boshiya. Alternative forms of Burqa are burkha, burqua, boorka, bourqa.
Since the seventh century, Islam had grown to be one of the major world religions. Spreading throughout the world Islam adopts false veiling and they also influenced others. It was not for almost a century after the beginning of Islam that Muslim women began veiling their faces. After this age Muslim women (and men) started covering their bodies entirely. Critics of the Muslim veiling tradition argue that women do not wear the veil by choice, and they are often forced to cover their heads and bodies. In contrast, many daughters of Muslim immigrants in the West argue that the veil symbolizes devotion and piety and that veiling is their own choice. According to the Muslims, it is a question of religious identity and self-expression.
Significance of Veiling
While the need for women to be modest is mentioned, the area women must cover depends on the source and range from “the bosom” to the whole body except the face and hands. The veil is a vehicle for distinguishing between women and men and a means of controlling male sexual desires. Muslim men are too urged to be modest and dressed covering themselves between the waist and knees. In many Muslim countries, women lack equality and basic rights that other women take for granted. Therefore, the burqa may seem to be is just one more example of Patriarchy. As believing Muslims, they interpret their holy text to mean that their faces must be veiled.
Types of Headscarves
The hijab is the most popular veil worn in the West. These veils consist of one or two scarves that cover the head and check. The niqab covers the entire body, head, and face, an opening is left for the eyes. The two main styles of niqab are the half-niqab that consists of a headscarf and facial veil that leaves the eyes and part of the forehead visible and the full or Gulf, niqab that leaves only a narrow slit for the eyes. The chador is a full-body length shawl held closed at the neck by hand or pin. It leaves the face completely visible. The burqa is a full-body veil. The wearer’s entire face and body are covered and one sees through a mesh screen over the eyes.
The Quran commands both men and women to be modest and contains no precise prescription for how women should be dressed. Coming after a verse 24:31 instructs women and men to lower their gaze and guard their modesty. Also said that not to display their charms (Zina) except what is outwardly, and cover their bosoms with their veils and not show their finery except to their husbands or their fathers or fathers-in-law. In “mantle verse” (33:59), has been interpreted as establishing women’s security as a rationale for veiling. It has been said that wives and daughters, and the women of the faithful, to draw their wraps over them. They will thus be recognized and no harm will come to them. There us doubt among Muslim scholars that the faithful, both men and women, must maintain modest dress.
Feminist’s View behind the History of Burqa Hijab Niqab Movement
Feminism refers to the belief in social, economic, and political equality of the sexes. In 1910, Egyptian feminist writer Malar HifniNassefwrote in “The Womenests”, women used to veiling and should not be suddenly ordered not to veil. In 1920, King Amanullahsaid, religion does not require women to veil their hands, feet, and faces or enjoin any special type of veil. Tribal custom must not impose itself on the free will of the individual. On the other hand, Rafia Zakaria is the author of Veil, she argued that the theological underpinnings of the veil, their use as a means of controlling female sexuality, and how they have become markers of socio-economic status. Feminists and others have moved to the wearing of veils in public in the field of women empowerment.
In 1935, Reza Pahlavi, Banned the chador in an attempt to modernize Iran. He urged women to east. He said, “This symbol of injustice and shame, into the fires of oblivion”. In 1967, as the veil was seen as a symbol of superiority and domination, many Muslim women returned to the veil. During the Taliban rule in Afghanistan, it was compulsory to wear the burqa in public places. The department for the propagation of virtue and suppression of Vise enforced the law with beating or worse.
Raihan Ismail ( Lecturer in Middle East Politics and Islamic Studies, Australian National University ) spoke, “ The Quran calls for both men and women to cover and be modest”. “The Quran does not explicitly say you have to cover yourself in a manner”- dr. Ismail said. Thereafter, many African, Asian, European, etc. countries started to ban the veil to get rid of suppression and to get more freedom of dressing.
Our Point of View
The burqa quarrel has been there before and will continue to be. If the burqa is a righteous garment to one, it may also be the burden to another. But the thing is we need to keep in mind all the time,, we can not force anyone to wear a burqa and also we can not raise questions wearing a burqa. It is up to her to decide whether to wear the veil or not. But all we can do is discuss or comment on the significance of wearing a burqa.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taliban Taliban rule
https://www.britannica.com/biography/Amanullah-Khan King Amanullah
El Guindi, Fawda, Veil: Modesty, Privacy and Resistance. New York: Berg, 1999
Murtaza, Mutahhani. The Islamic Modest Dress, Chicago: Kazi Publications.
Hadia Mubarak (2009). “Burqa”. In John L.Esposito. The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Islam World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.